How to use duct tape for fabric. How to use glue spider. The oblique strip is threaded into the seam joining the part

  1. Niteproshivnaya adhesive tape
  2. Adhesive padding materials are woven and nonwoven
  3. Glue tape gossamer
  4. How to remove the adhesive web from the fabric?
  5. What parts of the cut to duplicate
  6. Pro-masking tape cut obliquely

Details by Anna Koshkina

Glue spider glue the details. Glue cobweb sold in rolls, at a price approximately equal to two loaves of bread. When you buy such a roll, you will have enough for a very long time. Earlier, when they sewed in the Soviet Union, they did not spare money for secret sewing and stitching machines. The cobweb performs the same function as the hidden machines; it seals the edges, but not with threads, but with glue, this is not so high quality, because there is no thread line, but it is cheaper.

Niteproshivnaya adhesive tape

It is most often used for splitting car bodies, folding foliage, smoothing folded cars on the back, folding forks, pressing woven backs to fabric or clothing on hard covers, applying discounts, etc. Unfortunately, however, if you cannot make this invaluable tool on your own, you will have to think about some kind of alternative gadget.

Adhesive padding materials are woven and nonwoven

Here is the right way to do some basic work with a book. Cutting is actually the alignment of the edges of paper sheets, folded cars, or cardboard. A stack of paper is caught, as shown in the illustration, and steadily held onto the table. It slightly deviates outward, and the lower end of the bowl does not fall too much on the table, at the moment of the impact the handle relaxes slightly, so that the inner leaves can slide down and catch up. Once the alignment of one side is performed in the same way with the neighboring.

Of course, instead of a cobweb or a secret car, you can build a simple shuttle line with an ordinary machine. But according to the model, sometimes the front side of the product does not plan a line, but two parts must still be fastened or the edge must be processed. And if you do not do anything in these places, then the product will be poorly made or even the edge will not be processed.

When knocking down folded cars, the alignment begins from the back, then from above, then a few more times from the back and, finally, from the bottom side. Binding materials are best cut with a sharp knife on a metal line or a triangle. The paper is twisted from two adjacent sides and placed on a smooth board or plywood. Measure the cutting area carefully and mark it with a pencil or a fine bristle tip. Draw the side of a line or a triangle on an elongated line and press it with your fingers.

Glue tape gossamer

The left side of the blade should be firmly pressed to the line, not deviating to the side. Initial book binders advise you not to take a big pile of paper, because a strong press on the line and a knife are more tiresome than you think. The binding canvas is cut out in the same way.

Usually spliced ​​glue:

top and bottom collar;

upper and lower cuff;

bottom pants;

they glue the board and the uphill so that they do not hang out, since the board and the uphill should be connected with a line, but often the model does not need a line there, but there are no secret machines, therefore the web goes here.

I strongly recommend using a cobweb only in those products that you will not wash frequently, for example - outerwear (except for trousers). I strongly advise you not to glue the edge of the trousers, because after three washes your glued edge will disappear, “don't go to the grandmother”, it’s checked.

When folded, the cat is held at a slight inclination to the fold, and the side is drawn along the entire length of the sheet. When a brochure or paper is stuck, it is rubbed with the side of the skeleton through a sheet of paper so that traces do not remain on the surface of the material. Sometimes a stack of paper should move so that there is a certain distance between the edges. This operation is called shredding or diluting the sheets. With its sharp end, the end of the bow, which sticks to one hand, slightly hits. The basket is held horizontally, as shown.

Glue spider web release two types:

a) just glue-web without paper (Fig. 1);

b) dry glue-web on paper (Fig.2).

I always take on paper, because just a cobweb is very difficult to lay out and make it stick in the right place. Just gossamer-glue is a dry glue, which is made in the form of a strip of 1-2 cm and rolled into a roll.

You will also need a thin brush to remove damaged parts of the book. When covering relatively large areas, the glue is applied in a fan-shaped manner to prevent it from sticking to the front of the paper. At first it is applied in the direction of the worker, as the paper sticks to the edges of the fingers, and then in the opposite direction. The smeared paper sticks to the joints of the folded fingers. The glue is applied evenly with a thin layer, and the brush rotates slightly from different sides. The edges are very carefully lubricated so that they do not move.

Such a cobweb very much resembles a real spider web.

But I love the cobweb on paper (Fig. 2). How is it made? A paper strip 1-2 cm wide is rolled up into a roll, dry glue is applied to it with diamonds.

By the way, if you need a web without paper, then unscrewing the glue on the paper, simply separate the glue and paper, so you will have a web without paper. Therefore, it makes no sense to take 2 rolls (on paper and without), it is better to take a cobweb on paper, and if you prefer, you can detach the paper, but usually this is not required.

The paper with the applied adhesive is immediately removed, as shown in the illustration, and glued to the desired location. The back of the body of the book stacked in a pile at the end of the table, flattened and spreads over the entire surface, starting from the middle. Troubleshooting and light defects in books.

What can happen most often with a book? Except for reuse, it may break, there may be grease stains, rust stains, fingerprints. As a defect of a poorly executed bookworm, a sheet of a car or the whole car is often discarded, the paper body is unclasped from the back, a pinch of a fork. These faults and defects are not severe and can be easily fixed as follows.

These faults and defects are not severe and can be easily fixed as follows

Technology gluing glue spider?

1. We put the cobweb with glue on the seamy side of the part and simply iron the gossamer paper on top. Dry glue under the action of heat melts and sticks the paper along with the glue to the fabric. We reach with an iron to the place where we want to finish bonding, and then simply cut off the cobweb. If not glued, you can sprinkle the top with water from the sprayer, and then iron it again.

Remove grease stains with a mixture of magnesium and gasoline. After cleaning, the sheet is gently rubbed with a damp pillow and dried. If the stain is still fresh, work is done and ironed with blotting paper. Remove rust stains with citric acid solution.

Remove paint stains - with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or 20% hydrogen peroxide solution. Concentrated oxalic acid, wetted with blotting paper, placed on the ink spot, also easily removes it. Fingerprints — Wash with a slightly damp, saponated gauze pad, then wipe the soap with a clean, damp pad and dry the sheet of paper between two sheets of blotting paper.

2. Then we peel the paper off the glued web, only paper, do not pull it together with the glue! On the wrong side of the fabric, we still have a glued strip of glue in the form of rhombuses, exactly in the place where they wanted.

The folded corners of the sheets are made using a wet adhesive pad, then the book is pressed tightly under the weight until it dries. If the corners are scratched from frequent viewing, they can be healed on both sides by gluing sticky paper with condenser paper.

Replacing a damaged prick — the inner part of the punch is carefully removed from the cover page, and the outer part from the cover. If you have difficulty peeling, moisten the swab. To heal the fold of the car, a narrow strip of thiophene or a thin cloth is attached to the edge of the lid. Glued a new member, the size of the size of the book. As soon as it dries, it is carefully cut off.

3. From above, we impose the part that we want to glue, we put the detail on the glue with the seamy side, the front side of the fabric you get on top, and iron it. The adhesive under the influence of temperature melts between the two fabrics and glues them together. If it is not glued, we can, again, sprinkle water from the sprayer on top, and then press it again.

Healing the erased edges of solid binding is best done with a strip of solid paper. Hole and clothing are separated from the edge of the cover, and torn edges are flattened. The strip is cut to a length equal to the length of the cover, and a width of 10 mm greater than the width of the faded areas. The reserve width is glued on one side from the bottom, and on the other - under the clothes. Long lengths are folded in the corners of the lid, excess material is cut on the lid of one layer. The folds made in this way are glued to the floor.

Improved hard cover corners are healed - for this, only feed rises. Corners are glued under the clothes on the top of the cover. Pasting internal broods from the car - this usually happens if the thread is torn or strands with which the body of the book is attached.

I described the standard situation, how to glue the inside out with the inside out, but in some situations, it may be necessary to glue the face with the face of fabric or the inside of the face, but this happens in very rare cases. The principle of bonding is the same.

Glue and gasket materials, such as spiderwebs, glue dublerin, glue fabric and glue flizelin are used when sewing clothes.
What is glue fabric and gasket materials for, and how to use them? They give additional rigidity, the shape of the details or areas of clothing, such as a collar, flap, cuff, etc.

First, check the strength of the adjacent to the fallen leaves, and then proceed to the elimination of the defect as follows: the separated sheet dissolves with folding upwards and on it a cardboard pattern with a slot 3-4 mm wide. Carefully, the fold fell into the middle of the cut hole and smeared with glue. The template is removed, the sheet is folded in the fold and carefully returns to the open car, making sure that it matches the trimmed body of the book. The metal ruler is placed in the center of the newly placed sheet, the book is closed and turned back to the worker.

Glue materials are necessary when sewing shoulder products, since the shelf, sleeves must "keep fit" and the fabric is required to impart additional rigidity. Such materials have, on the one hand, adhesive backing on a fabric basis, so-called adhesive fabrics.

Often, to impart additional rigidity to individual sections of clothing or parts, various types of non-adhesive sealing materials of various thickness and density are used.

How to remove the adhesive web from the fabric?

The belt is clamped on both sides and pulled out so that the glued sheet tightly pressed. In this form, the book is left dry under heavy pressure. Stitching a collapsed car - to protect yourself as long as possible, you need to open the back of the book. To do this, the inside of the back cover cuts off the tip of the tiffon and separates it from the cover along with part of the plug. The car is placed in the right place, aligned with the edges of the body of the book and fixed on the material with which the back is glued. The ends of the threads are attached to the back, the paper is drained and allowed to dry.

one. Adhesive fabric , purpose and use

Adhesive fabric   , purpose and use

Glue fabric or backing pad is selected depending on the density and properties of the fabric of the product used for clothing, site or part.
The density (stiffness) of a cool fabric, dublerin, non-woven fabric are matched to the type of fabric (suit fabric, dress, shirt) or materials (leather, fur, drape, etc.).
The thickness and density of the gasket should correspond to the basic material of the product. Heavy, dense fabrics require denser pads, such as dublerin. For thin fabrics need to use soft types of non-woven fabric. Glue pads on a knitted basis will suit fabrics stretchable and elastic, they will not tear when stretched, etc.

The book dissolves, the fold of the wired car is smeared outside with narrow strips of glue, and the car is drawn in with a metal line to the back, as described above. To avoid smearing other pages, part of the plug with typhoid is isolated from them with a sheet of paper, spread with glue, stretched and pressed against the cover of the cover. Place a new insulating paper and, in the closed position, dry the book.

Attaching a cover that is detached from a sturdy body is usually due to too short edges of the typhon, tying the cover to the body of the book. It sticks to the back of the body of the book, leaving the edges free. The fork rises until the invisible edges are wide. They stick to cans forcing. The binding site of the hard coated paper body is glued to the paper tape.

In some cases, adhesive fabrics and gasket materials are used simultaneously. For example, a men's shirt collar is not only glued with a glue cloth, but sometimes non-adhesive rigid pads are installed in the corners of the collar, which allows the corners of the collar to have a tough truss for many years.

Those who often sew clothes for themselves should definitely have several types of glue fabric and non-adhesive materials in the set of sewing accessories. Two, three types of flizelin, one type of dublerin and a transparent ribbon necessarily gossamer.

What parts of the cut to duplicate

Attaching the back to the lid - for this purpose it is necessary to cut a strip of calico, a width of more than 10 mm or more by 20 mm from the back. A new sole appears with a length equal to the length of the covers and narrower by 2 mm from the back of the book. The undercoat is glued to the inner surface of the center, and its free ends are folded and glued to the sole. On the front side of the ribbon in the middle there is a gap. The canvas of the book is slightly raised at a distance corresponding to the width of the free ends of the strip. Thus, they stick together between clothes and covers.

2. Adhesive padding materials are woven and nonwoven

Adhesive padding materials are woven and nonwoven

In everyday life, often, any adhesive tissue and nonwovens such as non-woven fabric is simply called “glue” in one word. But this is a very general concept and in the hardware store sellers will be asked to clarify what you need specifically - flizelin or dublerin.

The following adhesives are recommended for polystyrene-based materials. Other “foam” models used in modeling may require the use of special adhesives. Sticking “styrene-like” materials requires the use of adhesives other than those used in traditional styling — using balsa and various types of wood.

Pro-masking tape cut obliquely

A common feature of all the "polystyrene" materials is the raw material from which they were made - expanded polystyrene foam method and depending on the manufacturer. This leads to materials with differentiated properties - m. Mechanical strength and specific gravity. Styrofoam is stronger, has a higher density and uniform structure, they are much better polished with abrasive paper. All of them are sensitive to nitro- and acetone solvents and common cyanoacryls and therefore require adhesives that do not contain these substances.

Glue fabric pads as well as conventional fabrics have a fractional direction of the thread, and to be precise, they are called dublerin on a fabric basis. Non-woven adhesive materials are called interlining. It's easy to distinguish them. Dublerin stretches at break, and non-woven fabric breaks like paper.

Dublerin has the direction of a share thread, so when cutting you need to take this circumstance into consideration and be sure to pay attention to recommendations in magazines for ready-made patterns. And if you use your own patterns, then you must take into account the properties of the gasket for each section of the product separately.

Before applying the adhesive to the joining surface, be sure to remove the dust generated during the processing of polystyrene. This dust has electrostatic properties and is held securely on the surface, it is best to remove it with a brush and vacuum cleaner, wipe it with a cloth or even wash it with denatured alcohol, it will not always work. The principle of polystyrene is that we apply glue to both surfaces.

Apply a thin layer of glue, wait about 10 minutes until it floats, then glue the glued surfaces together and press firmly and firmly. This is in a sense a glue defect, because you can’t go wrong. The connection is strong enough that when you try to separate the materials, they are usually damaged. This type of raw material is used by many fashion designers to create transparent booths and fairings. Of course, surface bonding, but not the edge - the salon should be connected to the “tab” body.

It doesn’t crumble sections. However, in such pads there is the direction of the fiber. Along the web, the gasket stretches slightly less than in the transverse direction.
There are also knitted adhesive fabrics of various thickness and rigidity. They are elastic and are used for duplicating knitted materials.
Glue fabric and non-woven materials are of different density. From thin and almost transparent to very dense. They can even be painted in different colors.

3. How to choose a glue pad for fabric

To choose the most suitable adhesive pad, you need to check how the fabric will look along with the pad. To do this, you first glue a test piece of glue on a shred of fabric. Make several samples with different shims. Recommended sizes of fabric samples are 15 cm square, gaskets - 10 cm side.
After hot working, all adhesive gaskets become tougher, but the degree of this rigidity can be different, and you will see this on the samples.
The color of the gasket may also change. Some colored pads darken after gluing.

In addition, a test piece of glued strip clearly shows how the fabric itself will change. Sometimes the pad may form noticeable protrusions on the front surface of the fabric or even damage the structure of the fabric, may change the color of the underlying fabric.
See how the fabric drapes with and without padding. Roll up all the samples twice and place them on the table surface without pressing them down. You will see, comparing with a sample without a gasket: on one sample the gasket is very soft, almost imperceptible, on the other - moderate elasticity, on the third - too hard. Now you can choose the adhesive strip that you need for a particular fabric and specific model.

4. The glue pad must be firmly attached to the fabric.

The glue pad must be firmly attached to the fabric

It is usually difficult to separate the fabric and adhesive pad after hot iron treatment (fabric-based gaskets), and in some cases it is completely impossible to leave a mark on the fabric (mostly flizelin).

Under the gasket should not remain scrap pieces, air bubbles or not taped areas.
If you stuck the gasket incorrectly, but iron it again. If air bubbles still remain, steam the gasket so that it can be separated, and stick a new gasket on this place.

If you are using a non-adhesive fabric gasket, then the gasket material should be sanded before cutting out parts from it. As a cushioning material can be used: calico, muslin, lining fabrics.

Knitted cushioning materials are usually soft and silky. They can be used to give shape to the entire product or its individual parts, without at the same time increasing the volume, weight and rigidity of the product.

If you want to create an elegant, sophisticated product, never use adhesive pads. Glue pad is more suitable for shoulder products, such as a jacket, coat.
If you sew a product from such fabrics as plis, velvet, corduroy, crepe, gas, silk or transparent fabric, it is also better not to use glue pad.

5. Duplication of fabric should be performed according to the instructions

Glue the gasket should be glued according to the manufacturer's instructions, so that it does not bubble after washing the product. But if you do not have such instructions, use the following tips:
a) place the item on the ironing board with the seamy side up;
b) lay the part of the gasket on the part of the product with adhesive down;
c) cover the gasket with an opener (dry or wet, depending on the properties of the adhesive layer);
d) process each part of the part with an iron for 10 seconds (without moving it from its place), move the iron to the next part so that the treated areas overlap; continue these steps until the entire surface of the gasket is glued to the fabric (the iron must not slide along the gasket during operation);
e) invert the detail of the product, cover it with a binder and repeat the gluing process;
e) Allow the fabric to cool and check the gasket adhesion to the fabric; if necessary, repeat the entire gluing process.

6. The oblique strip is stitched into the seam of the part

Experienced tailors often use slanting strips 2.5 cm wide, cut from cotton flannels, for processing products made of silk or wool, in order to get a soft line of the neck or armhole.
The oblique strip is stitched into the seam joining the part of the product with the facing. To do this, place the part of the product between the oblique strip and facing. Next, you need to cut the slanting strip so that it is flat and even during grinding with the product.

If you use the Burda Fashion Magazines, then you know that the sewing instructions give the types of adhesive fabric and non-adhesive materials that you want to use for the models presented there. But so that you can navigate around your fabric, familiarize yourself with the properties of German pads, which you can purchase in specialized stores.

Flizelin H180 - thin, soft pad for soft flowing fabrics (silk, viscose).
Flizelin H200, H250 - more dense, but soft gasket for dense thin fabrics (taffeta, twill, etc.).
Flizelin G405 - for thick fabrics, such as wool, flannel, velor.
Interlining H31G - denim, fabric for trousers, jackets and coats.
Flizelin F220 - for dense, resistant to boiling tissue.

7. Adhesive tape. Gossamer

Adhesive tape - gossamer You now know what adhesive fabric is used for, how to select it for different types of fabrics and how to put it. You also know that flizelin is a glue packing material, and dublerin is a glue fabric. It remains to learn what adhesive tape, with such an elegant name - gossamer.

There are special edge pads in the form of tapes of different widths - to strengthen the belts, cuffs and slats. In addition, there is a special adhesive material - gossamer. This is a translucent tape on which the adhesive coating is applied on both sides. It is convenient to use the glue spider for fastening the hem of the bottom of the product, with its help you can attach an adhesive pad of greater density, application or patch. It is recommended to attach the appliqué after sticking with the cobweb.

A spider web is glued in the same way as a glue fabric with a hot iron. The cobweb is laid between the hem of the skirt and the main fabric and the hem is pressed along the seamy side of the skirt. Make sure that the iron does not touch the cobweb, otherwise it will immediately melt and leave a trace of glue on the sole of the iron.

How to replace the zipper in the jacket
How to replace the zipper in the jacket. When replacing a zipper, use a glue pad. It is necessary to cut a narrow strip with a width of no more than 2 cm and duplicate the edge where the zipper will be installed. This should be done very carefully so as not to damage the skin with an iron. Duplication of the edge will protect the skin from stretching it, while sewing the zipper on the sewing machine. In order not to use glue fabric a special reinforcing adhesive tape is produced for this purpose.

Technology work with fur
Technology work with fur. Fur skins cannot be glued with glue cloth with the help of an iron. Leather from hot soles can be damaged. However, as in any other garment for sewing fur clothing, reinforcing pads of fabric are used. They are sewn to the skin with long slanting stitches.

Recommendations for working with the skin
Recommendations for working with the skin. When working with leather glue fabric is used. Details such as cuff, belt, collar must be duplicated with gaskets. Be careful when installing adhesive tissue on your skin. Skin can be damaged by too hot iron.

How is it made?
What can happen most often with a book?
Technology gluing glue spider?
What is glue fabric and gasket materials for, and how to use them?
How to remove the adhesive web from the fabric?